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Exodus 12

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

12 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb[a] for his family, one for each household. If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover.

12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance. 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.

17 “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. 18 In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel. 20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread.”

21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passoverlamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. 23 When the Lordgoes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.

24 “Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants. 25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony. 26 And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 27 then tell them, ‘It is the Passoversacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’” Then the people bowed down and worshiped. 28 The Israelites did just what the Lordcommanded Moses and Aaron.

29 At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.30 Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

The Exodus

31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.”

33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!” 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.

37 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38 Many other people went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.

40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt[b] was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisionsleft Egypt. 42 Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come.

Passover Restrictions

43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal:

“No foreigner may eat it. 44 Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him, 45 but a temporary resident or a hired worker may not eat it.

46 “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones. 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

48 “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land. No uncircumcised male may eat it. 49 The same law applies both to the native-born and to the foreigner residing among you.”

50 All the Israelites did just what the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of Egyptby their divisions.


Exodus 12

God is faithful! Pastor John gave us 5 points to think about today.

1) The feast of the Passover.
The blood of the lamb taking the place for them, and the lamb for us Jesus Christ. His blood poured out for us and don’t forget what God did on that Passover.

2) Feast of the unleavened bread.
I like what he said, “Reflect God without deflecting Him.” How far are you willing to follow Jesus? Trying not to do anything to corrupt your walk with the Lord.

3) Obedience
God gave us the Commandments, observe them. Obedience is not an option. He has the right to tell us what to do because he is the creator. Obey because we want to not because we have to. If we truly love him we will want to be obedient and bring him joy.

4) Blessings from obedience
Egyptian fave them silver, gold, food all to sustain the Israelites on their journey and ultimately that helped them to build a temple so they could worship God. If we do what he wants us to do we will have a blessed life. When we are walking in disobedience we are shooting ourselves in the foot.

5) God keeps his promises
Back in Genesis 15 God said this is going to happen and now we see that promise come to fruition some 400 years later. God never drops the ball when he says he’s going to do something he’s going to do it!

God told Moses and Aaron this month shall be your beginning of the month, the first month of the year for you. A new year of beginnings, a new month of redemption from Egypt. It was a dramatic way to say everything‘s going to change. God wasn’t protecting the Israelites because they were better than the Egyptian‘s he was protecting them because they were his people.
Max Lucado said “God gives grace to his followers whether through the blood of the lamb or the blood of the lamb Jesus not based on merit based on his loving kindness.”

The Bible tells us when the Lord passed through Egypt with the 10th plague He looked for a special marker. The Blood of the lamb protected them .. just as the blood of Jesus Christ protects us. Never forget what was done on the cross. The blood was all that mattered for them and the blood is all that matters for us.

It doesn’t matter if you grew up Baptist, Catholic, Muslim, Buddhist, Presbyterian, Methodist, agnostic, atheist, whatever. It doesn’t matter what we have done, what side of the tracks we grew up on, what color we are, etc!
God is only looking for one thing.
Are you marked by the blood of Jesus Christ?

We are not saved by what we have done or who we are. When the time of judgment comes all that is going to matter is the blood of Jesus.

Charles Spurgeon said, “ morality may keep you out of jail but the blood of Jesus Christ will keep you out of hell.”

🙌 🙏🏻 ❤️

“For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit.”
‭‭1 Peter‬ ‭3:18‬ ‭NIV‬‬

I know this is a long one.. 🙄 it was a long chapter! So let’s just summarize everything.

1) Don’t forget to celebrate the blessings of God. He died for us so count your blessings!

2) Seek to be obedient! How much do you really love the Lord and are you willing to obey because you want to not because you have to.

3) Don’t forget to tell other people there’s a God that loves them! Our number one mission as a Christian.

4) Study God‘s word! Dig deep, open up this treasure chest of knowledge. If you don’t read the Bible you don’t know what’s in it!

Give God all the glory because he does keep his promises.

🙌 🙏🏻 ❤️