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Exodus 34

The New Stone Tablets

The Lord said to Moses, “Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. Be ready in the morning, and then come up on Mount Sinai.Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain. No one is to come with you or be seen anywhere on the mountain; not even the flocks and herds may graze in front of the mountain.”

So Moses chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones and went up Mount Sinai early in the morning, as the Lord had commanded him; and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands. Then the Lord came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name, the Lord.And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation.”

Moses bowed to the ground at once and worshiped. “Lord,” he said, “if I have found favor in your eyes, then let the Lord go with us. Although this is a stiff-necked people, forgive our wickedness and our sin, and take us as your inheritance.”

10 Then the Lord said: “I am making a covenant with you. Before all your people I will do wonders never before done in any nation in all the world. The people you live among will see how awesome is the work that I, the Lord, will do for you. 11 Obey what I command you today. I will drive out before you the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. 12 Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land where you are going, or they will be a snare among you. 13 Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones and cut down their Asherah poles.[a] 14 Do not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.

15 “Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices. 16 And when you choose some of their daughters as wives for your sons and those daughters prostitute themselves to their gods, they will lead your sons to do the same.

17 “Do not make any idols.

18 “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread. For seven days eat bread made without yeast, as I commanded you. Do this at the appointed time in the month of Aviv, for in that month you came out of Egypt.

19 “The first offspring of every womb belongs to me, including all the firstborn males of your livestock, whether from herd or flock. 20 Redeem the firstborn donkey with a lamb, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck.Redeem all your firstborn sons.

“No one is to appear before me empty-handed.

21 “Six days you shall labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during the plowing season and harvest you must rest.

22 “Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year.[b] 23 Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Sovereign Lord, the God of Israel.24 I will drive out nations before you and enlarge your territory, and no one will covet your land when you go up three times each year to appear before the Lord your God.

25 “Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice to me along with anything containing yeast, and do not let any of the sacrifice from the Passover Festival remain until morning.

26 “Bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the Lord your God.

“Do not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

27 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28 Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant—the Ten Commandments.

The Radiant Face of Moses

29 When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the covenant law in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiantbecause he had spoken with the Lord. 30 When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to come near him.31 But Moses called to them; so Aaron and all the leaders of the communitycame back to him, and he spoke to them. 32 Afterward all the Israelites came near him, and he gave them all the commands the Lord had given him on Mount Sinai.

33 When Moses finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face. 34 But whenever he entered the Lord’s presence to speak with him, he removed the veil until he came out. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded, 35 they saw that his face was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with the Lord.



Exodus 34

Well there’s a lot to unpack here I’m probably going to have to edit quite a few times I have six pages of notes. 🙄 Back in chapter 32 we saw Moses come off the mountain to a sinful group of Israelites and in his fury he broke the first two tablets. Probably shouldn’t have but he did. Now God asks him to cut 2 more, come back up Mount Sinai so I can restore Not only the tablets but that relationship.

The Cloud of glory returns at the top of Mount Sinai. This cloud of glory seen several times throughout the Bible. Leading Israel by day, at the tent of Moses, in Exodus; filling Solomons temple with glory in 2 Chronicles; in Luke overshadowing Mary at the birth of Jesus and also the transfiguration of Jesus; and it will come again at the return of Jesus as we see in revelation.

Yesterday Moses asked God in 33:18 ‘show me your glory’ and that’s exactly what’s happening today. God revealing his character in verses 6-7 with Moses having a powerful spiritual experience. God presents himself as eternal. Yahweh. He is unchangeable. Pastor Sean reminded us this morning… He never breaks his covenant with us it is us who breaks the covenant with him.

Moses sees the shining glory of God and bows down and worships him. The only response is worship. When we get closer to Jesus he will reveal more and more to us. Revelation is going to happen! Things that we push back into our mind that we want to forget, as we get closer to Jesus. He will heal us of all that junk we packed tightly away. True freedom from all of that junk in the trunk as Pastor Brendan so lovingly calls it. God proclaiming His own name and His character. Time and time again we see how gracious, compassionate and loving God really is giving second, third, and fourth chances. Grace. A free gift from God. He doesn’t have a short fuse, praise God for that because we are a hot mess.

Moses then asks for God’s grace, goodness and mercy for himself and the nation. When we see God’s goodness never be afraid to ask to receive it, to know him is to receive him. God renews the covenant. He did not negotiate this was God‘s covenant and he asks Israel, just like he asks us, to join him. We join him so he can show us all his glory, to be with us because he can do what we can’t do.

When we join God, again a reminder, we need to separate ourselves from the world. The Canaanites are corrupt beyond redemption God doesn’t want us to conform to a culture that blatantly disobeys him and makes laws against his laws. Giving up the idols of the world around us, those bad habits that draw us away and go against God‘s word. God desires purity. Leaven Symbolic of sin = the feast of unleavened bread. As God repeats his laws to Moses he asks him to write them down. Don’t we have a tendency to remember more when we write things down? I have about 10 SOAP journals. when we started the zoom process in 2020 I committed to this, writing down so I could learn and unpack God‘s word.
God knew that Moses would remember his laws better if he wrote them down himself. When Moses came down the mountain his face was shining, the glory of God filling him up … spiritual enlightenment. you would think he would’ve been pale and weak after 40 days of fasting, yet God‘s glory shown through him. The goodness of God being seen through him. God‘s light of peace, joy, love and goodness in all that follow him. It should be evident in all of us. People should notice that we are different after we receive his glory and enter that relationship with him.

Moses revealed the word of God to the people with a veil on. When he speaks with God the veil comes off, his face is shining symbolizing that the old covenant is going to fade away and be replaced with Jesus Christ. God did not want the people to lose confidence in Moses so Moses wore the veil when relaying gods word to the people.

Moses saying yes to God and God revealing his purpose to him time and time again. Being obedient and trusting God. Will you allow God to journey with you?

🙌 🙏🏻 ❤️